Photographing waterfalls is both a challenge and also very rewarding.
In this article, I will share some tips on how to capture beautiful waterfalls. While it seems like a simple task, photographing waterfalls and making the water look silky smooth can be a little challenging, especially if you do not have the right equipment. Use the tips below to understand how to get this effect and capture beautiful waterfall pictures.
1) Slow shutter speed
In order to make the water look smooth, you need to use a slow shutter speed of several seconds or longer. Slow shutter speeds create the effect of making the subject appear smooth,which is exactly what you want. Fast shutter speeds only freeze the running water
2) Use a tripod
Like all types of landscape photography you need to use a tripod. You cannot hand-hold a camera without camera shake,and sometimes the amount of time needed for each exposure when using extremely slow shutter speeds would make it impossible. You would still be limited by how much you can move and what part of the waterfall you could capture.
3) Use a larger aperture
Lowering aperture, or increasing the f/ number, decreases the amount of light that passes through the lens. If your shutter speed is too high, try changing the aperture to a larger number like f/11 or even f/16, if necessary,whilst keeping the depth of field correct and the image sharp. Changing aperture is the last thing you can try on your camera, if you do not want to spend the money on a good ND filter.
4) Use an ND Filter
My chosen method of shooting revolves around the Lee Filter system.As filters go it is the best. The only way to decrease the amount of light going through the lens, is to use a filter in front of the lens that blocks a large portion of incoming light. “ND” or “Neutral Density” filters are specifically designed for this purposeto only let a small amount of light into the lens in order to decrease the camera shutter speed. Coupled with a ND grad which is a graduated filter (If needed) is the best way to his is the best way to capture and correctly expose for waterfalls.
Take both wide-angle and telephoto zoom lenses to photograph waterfalls. With all types of photography it depends on the type of composition that you are trying to achieve.